Periodic Table of Elements

The Greek language and Greek myth have contributed greatly to the sciences, including chemistry. This is most apparent in the Periodic Table of Elements. A table of the elements with mythological influences, or at least have the Greek language to thank for their names, is below. For kicks, I have included the Latin (Roman) terms also. (Please note: this is not the complete table of elements, only those with Greek or Latin influences.) 

Actinium 
  • Symbol: Ac 
  • Atomic Number: 89 
  • From the Greek wordaktinos (ray)
Aluminum 
  • Symbol: Al 
  • Atomic Number: 13 
  • From the Latin wordalumen, or"bitter".
Antimony 
  • Symbol: Sb 
  • Atomic Number: 51 
  • From the Greek words anti (opposed) and monos (solitude)
Argon 
  • Symbol: Ar 
  • Atomic Number: 18 
  • From the Greek wordargon (inactive)
Arsenic 
  • Symbol: As 
  • Atomic Number: 33 
  • From the Greek wordarsenikos and the Latin wordarsenicum, meaning "yellow orpiment".
Astatine 
  • Symbol: At 
  • Atomic Number: 85 
  • From the Greek wordastatos (unstable)
Barium 
  • Symbol: Ba 
  • Atomic Number: 56 
  • From the Greek wordbarys (heavy)
Bromine 
  • Symbol: Br 
  • Atomic Number: 35 
  • From the Greek wordbrômos (stench)
Cadmium 
  • Symbol: Cd 
  • Atomic Number: 48 
  • From the Greek wordkadmeia (ancient name for calamine) and from the Latin word cadmia.Cadmus, in Greek myth, was the founder of Thebes.
Calcium 
  • Symbol: Ca 
  • Atomic Number: 20 
  • From the latin wordcalcis (lime)
Carbon 
  • Symbol: C 
  • Atomic Number: 6 
  • From the Latin carbo(coal)
Cerium 
  • Symbol: Ce 
  • Atomic Number: 58 
  • Ceres (asteroid), and the Roman version of Demeter, the goddess of agriculture.
Cesium 
  • Symbol: Cs 
  • Atomic Number: 55 
  • From the Latin wordcaesius (sky blue)
Chlorine 
  • Symbol: Cl 
  • Atomic Number: 17 
  • From the Greek wordkhlôros (green)
Chromium 
  • Symbol: Cr 
  • Atomic Number: 24 
  • From the Greek wordchrôma (color)
Copper 
  • Symbol: Cu 
  • Atomic Number: 29 
  • From the Latin wordcyprium, after the island of Cyprus and birthplace of Aphrodite.
Dysprosium 
  • Symbol: Dy 
  • Atomic Number: 66 
  • From the Greek worddysprositos (hard to get at).
Fluorine 
  • Symbol: F 
  • Atomic Number: 9 
  • From the Latin wordfluo (flow)
Gold 
  • Symbol: Au 
  • Atomic Number: 79 
  • From the Latin wordaurum (gold). In Roman mythology, Aurora was the goddess of dawn--golden indeed.
Helium 
  • Symbol: He 
  • Atomic Number: 2 
  • From the Greek wordhêlios (sun); Helios in Greek mythology was the god of the Sun.
Hydrogen 
  • Symbol: H 
  • Atomic Number: 1 
  • From the Greek words hudôr (water) and gennan(generate). Heracles fought the Hydra of Lerna (a sea town) for his second labor.
Iodine 
  • Symbol: I 
  • Atomic Number: 53 
  • From the Greek wordiôdes (violet).
Iridium 
  • Symbol: Ir 
  • Atomic Number: 77 
  • From the Latin wordiridis (rainbow). The Greeks had a messenger goddess, Iris, whose colorful cape flowed behind her.
Iron 
  • Symbol: Fe 
  • Atomic Number: 26 
  • From the Latin wordferrum (iron)
Krypton 
  • Symbol: Kr 
  • Atomic Number: 36 
  • From the Greek wordkryptos (hidden). In modern language, words such as "encrypt" can be discerned from the Greek.
Lanthanum 
  • Symbol: La 
  • Atomic Number: 57 
  • From the Greek wordlanthaneis (to lie hidden).
Lead 
  • Symbol: Pb 
  • Atomic Number: 82 
  • Name Origin: From the Greek word protos (first). Some Greeks believd that the first god ever was Protogonus, or "first born". 
  • Symbol Origin: From the Latin wordplumbum (lead)
Lithium 
  • Symbol: Li 
  • Atomic Number: 3 
  • From the Greek wordlithos (stone)
Manganese 
  • Symbol: Mn 
  • Atomic Number: 25 
  • From the Latin wordmangnes (magnet)

     
Molybdenum 
  • Symbol: Mo 
  • Atomic Number: 42 
  • From the Greek word molubdos (lead)
Neodymium 
  • Symbol: Nd 
  • Atomic Number: 60 
  • From the Greek words neos (new) anddidymos (twin). Twins appear regularly in Greek myth, from the Dioscuri (Castor & Polydeuces) to the divine twins (Artemis & Apollo).
Neon 
  • Symbol: Ne 
  • Atomic Number: 10 
  • Form the Greek word neos (new)
Neptunium 
  • Symbol: Np 
  • Atomic Number: 93 
  • After the planet Neptune, the Roman sea god, identified as Poseidon in Greek myth.
Niobium 
  • Symbol: Nb 
  • Atomic Number: 41 
  • After Niobe, daughter of mythical king (Tantalus). She had bragged about her set of seven girls and seven boys, scoffing at Leto for only having two children. Apollo and Artemis promptly killed her offspring. Niobe, in despair, was turned to stone by the gods.
Osmium 
  • Symbol: Os 
  • Atomic Number: 76 
  • From the Greek word osmë (odor)
Oxygen 
  • Symbol: O 
  • Atomic Number: 8 
  • From the Greek words oxus (acid) andgennan (generate)
Palladium 
  • Symbol: Pd 
  • Atomic Number: 46 
  • From the Greek goddess (Pallas) and after an asteroid
Phosphorous 
  • Symbol: P 
  • Atomic Number: 15 
  • From the Greek words phôs (light) andphoros (bearer), Phosphoros was a god of light in Greek myth.
Plutonium 
  • Symbol: Pu 
  • Atomic Number: 94 
  • After the planet Pluto and the Latin god of the Underworld (Hades in Greek).
Potassium 
  • Symbol: K 
  • Atomic Number: 19 
  • Name Origin: potash - potato 
  • Symbol Origin: From the Latin word kalium
Praseodymium 
  • Symbol: Pr 
  • Atomic Number: 59 
  • From the Greek words prasios (green) anddidymos (twin)
Promethium 
  • Symbol: Pm 
  • Atomic Number: 61 
  • From the Titan Prometheus who stole fire of the sky and gave it to man.
Protactinium 
  • Symbol: Pa 
  • Atomic Number: 91 
  • From the Greek word protos (first) [see name origin for lead].
Radium 
  • Symbol: Ra 
  • Atomic Number: 88 
  • From the Latin word radius (ray)
Rhodium 
  • Symbol: Rh 
  • Atomic Number: 45 
  • From the Greek word rhodon (rose)
Rubidium 
  • Symbol: Rb 
  • Atomic Number: 37 
  • From the Latin word rubidus (red)
Ruthenium 
  • Symbol: Ru 
  • Atomic Number: 44 
  • From the Latin word Ruthenia (Russia)
Selenium 
  • Symbol: Se 
  • Atomic Number: 34 
  • From the Greek word Selênê, known as the goddess of the moon.
Sodium 
  • Symbol: Na 
  • Atomic Number: 11 
  • Name Origin: soda (Na2CO3) 
  • Symbol Origin: From the Latin wordnatrium (sodium)
Silicon 
  • Symbol: Si 
  • Atomic Number: 14 
  • From the Latin word silex (flint)
Sulfur 
  • Symbol: S 
  • Atomic Number: 16 
  • From the Latin word sulfur (brimstone)
Tantalum 
  • Symbol: Ta 
  • Atomic Number: 73 
  • After king Tantalus, a son of Zeus who earned the disfavor of the gods for attempting to serve his son Pelops as a meal. He was condemned to the Underworld with eternal thirst and hunger though a river and fruit tree were just beyond his grasp.
Technetium 
  • Symbol: Tc 
  • Atomic Number: 43 
  • From the Greek word technêtos (artificial)
Tellurium 
  • Symbol: Te 
  • Atomic Number: 52 
  • From the Greek word tellus (Earth)
Thallium 
  • Symbol: Tl 
  • Atomic Number: 81 
  • From the Greek word thallos (young shoot)
Tin 
  • Symbol: Sn 
  • Atomic Number: 50 
  • Name Origin: Latin 
  • Symbol Origin: From the Latin wordstannum (tin)
Titanium 
  • Symbol: Ti 
  • Atomic Number: 22 
  • From the Greek word titanos (Titans). The Titans were the "original" gods before the Olympians.
Uranium 
  • Symbol: U 
  • Atomic Number: 92 
  • After the planet Uranus, the original sky god who was the son and spouse of Gaia, or Mother Earth.
Xenon 
  • Symbol: Xe 
  • Atomic Number: 54 
  • From the Greek word xenon (stra